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超声波探伤探头的分类、作用及选用

发布时间:2019-07-10 必威信超声波阅读

CHAOSHENGBOTANSHANGTANTOUDEFENLEI、ZUOYONGJIXUANYONG 


DAODU


SUIZHEXINJISHUDEBUDUANCHUXIANHEJIANCESHEBEIDEBUDUANGENGXIN,CHAOSHENGBOJIANCEJISHUSHIMUQIANWUSUNJIANCEJISHUZHONGFAZHANZUIKUAI、YINGYONGZUIGUANGFANDEFANGFAZHIYI,ZAIWUSUNJIANCEJISHUZHONGZHANYOUFEICHANGZHONGYAODEDIWEI。


ZAIJIANCEGUOCHENGZHONG,CHULECHAOSHENGJIANCEYIQI,FASHEHEJIESHOUCHAOSHENGBODETANTOUYEQIZHEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,SUOYI,TANTOUXINGNENGDEHAOHUAIYIJITANSHANGGUOCHENGZHONGDUITANTOUDEXUANQUSHIFOUDEDANG,JIANGZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOTANSHANGJIEGUODEZHUNQUEXINGHEKEKAOXING。


XIAWENZHONGDIANJIANGSHUYADIANXINGCHAOSHENGTANTOUDEFENLEI、ZUOYONGHEXUANYONGYUANZE。


FENLEI


CHAOSHENGBOTANSHANGZHONGYOUYUBEITANGONGJIANDEXINGZHUANG、CAIZHI、TANSHANGMUDE、TANSHANGTIAOJIANBUTONG,YINERXUSHIYONGBUTONGXINGSHIDETANTOU。


CHAOSHENGBOTANTOUANBUTONGDEGUINAFANGSHIKEYIJINXINGBUTONGDEFENLEI,YIBANYOUYIXIAJIZHONG。


1)ANBEITANGONGJIANZHONGCHANSHENGDEBOXING,KEFENWEIZONGBOTANTOU、HENGBOTANTOU、BANBO(LANMUBO)TANTOU、PABOTANTOUHEBIAOMIANBOTANTOU。


2)ANANRUSHESHENGSHUFANGXIANG,KEFENWEIZHITANTOUHEXIETANTOU。


3)ANZHAOTANTOUYUBEITANGONGJIANBIAOMIANDEOUHEFANGSHI,KEFENWEIJIECHUSHITANTOUHEYEJINSHITANTOU。


4)ANZHAOTANTOUZHONGYADIANJINGPIANDECAILIAO,KEFENWEIPUTONGYADIANJINGPIANTANTOUHEFUHEYADIANJINGPIANTANTOU。


5)ANZHAOTANTOUZHONGYADIANJINGPIANDESHUMU,KEFENWEIDANJINGTANTOU、SHUANGJINGTANTOUHEDUOJINGTANTOU。


6)ANZHAOCHAOSHENGBOSHENGSHUDEJUJIAOFOUKE,FENWEIJUJIAOTANTOUHEFEIJUJIAOTANTOU。


7)ANCHAOSHENGBOPINPU,KEFENWEIKUANPINDAIHEZHAIPINDAITANTOU。


8)ANPIPEIJIANCEGONGJIANDEQULV,KEFENWEIPINGMIANTANTOUHEQUMIANTANTOU。


9)TESHUTANTOU,CHUYIBANTANTOUWAI,HAIYOUYIXIEZAITESHUTIAOJIANXIAHEYONGYUTESHUMUDEDETANTOU。


CHANGJIANDIANXINGTANTOUDEZUOYONG


1)ZONGBOTANTOUTONGCHANGCHENGWEIZHITANTOU,ZHUYAOYONGYUJIANCEYUJIANCEMIANPINGXINGDEQUEXIAN,RUBANCAI、ZHU、DUANJIANJIANCEDENG。


2)HENGBOXIETANTOUSHILIYONGHENGBOJIANCE,SHIRUSHEJIAOZAIDIYILINJIEJIAOYUDIERLINJIEJIAOZHIJIANQIEZHESHEBOWEICHUNHENGBODETANTOU,ZHUYAOYONGYUJIANCEYUJIANCEMIANCHUIZHIHUOCHENGYIDINGJIAODUDEQUEXIAN,GUANGFANYONGYUHANFENG、GUANCAI、DUANJIANDEJIANCE。


3)ZONGBOXIETANTOUSHIRUSHEJIAOXIAOYUDIYILINJIEJIAODETANTOU。MUDESHILIYONGXIAOJIAODUDEZONGBOJINXINGQUEXIANJIANYAN,HUOZAIHENGBOSHUAIJIANGUODADEQINGKUANGXIA,LIYONGZONGBOCHUANTOUNENGLIQIANGDETEDIANJINXINGZONGBOXIERUSHEJIANYAN,SHIYONGSHIXUZHUYISHIJIANZHONGTONGSHICUNZAIHENGBODEGANRAO。


4)PABOTANTOU,YOUYUYICIPABODEJIAODUZAI75º~83ºZHIJIAN,JIHUCHUIZHIYUBEIJIANGONGJIANDEHOUDUFANGXIANG,YUGONGJIANZHONGCHUIZHIFANGXIANGDELIEWENJIEJINCHENG90º。


YINCI,DUIYUCHUIZHIXINGLIEWENYOUJIAOHAODEJIANCELINGMINDU,QIEDUIGONGJIANBIAOMIANDECUCAODUYAOQIUBUGAO,SHIYONGYUBIAOMIAN、JINBIAOMIANDELIEWENJIANCE。


5)BIAOMIANBO(RUILIBO)TANTOURUSHEJIAOXUZAICHANSHENGRUILIBODELINJIEJIAOFUJIN,TONGCHANGBIDIERLINJIEJIAOLVEDA。YOUYUBIAOMIANBODENENGLIANGJIZHONGYUBIAOMIANXIA2GEBOZHANGZHINEI,JIANCHABIAOMIANLIEWENLINGMINDUJIGAO,ZHUYAODUIBIAOMIANHUOJINBIAOMIANQUEXIANJINXINGJIANYAN。


6)SHUANGJINGTANTOU。SHUANGJINGTANTOUYOULIANGKUAIYADIANJINGPIAN,YIKUAIYONGYUFASHECHAOSHENGBO,LINGYIKUAIYONGYUJIESHOUCHAOSHENGBO,GENJURUSHEJIAOαLDEBUTONG,FENWEIZONGBOSHUANGJINGZHITANTOUHEHENGBOSHUANGJINGXIETANTOU。


SHUANGJINGTANTOUJUYOUYIXIAYOUDIAN:LINGMINDUGAO、ZABOSHAOMANGQUXIAO、GONGJIANZHONGJINCHANGQUZHANGDUXIAO、JIANCEFANWEIKEDIAO,SHUANGJINGTANTOUZHUYAOYONGYUJIANCEJINBIAOMIANQUEXIAN。


TANTOUDEZUOYONG


CHAOSHENGBOTANTOUDELEIXINGHENDUO,XINGNENGGEYI,YINCIGENJUCHAOSHENGBOTANSHANGDUIXIANGDEXINGZHUANG、DUICHAOSHENGBODESHUAIJIANHEJISHUYAOQIU,HELIXUANYONGTANTOUSHIBAOZHENGTANSHANGJIEGUOZHENGQUEKEKAODEJICHU。


DUICHAOSHENGBOTANTOUDEXUANZEZHUYAOTIXIANZAI:TANTOUXINGSHI、TANTOUPINLV、TANTOUJINGPIANCHICUNHETANTOUJIAODUDENG。


3.1 TANTOUXINGSHI


YIBANGENJUGONGJIANDEXINGZHUANGHEKENENGCHUXIANQUEXIANDEBUWEI、FANGXIANGDENGTIAOJIANLAIXUANZETANTOUDEXINGSHI,JINLIANGSHICHAOSHENGBOSHENGSHUZHOUXIANYUQUEXIANCHUIZHI。JUTIKECANKAOSHANGSHUCHANGJIANDIANXINGTANTOUZUOYONGBUFEN。


3.2 TANTOUPINLV


CHAOSHENGBOTANSHANGPINLVZAI0.5YI15MHzZHIJIAN,XUANZEFANWEIJIAODA。YIBANXUANZEPINLVSHIYINGKAOLVYIXIAJIGEYINSU:


1)YOUYUCHAOSHENGBODERAOSHE,SHICHAOSHENGBOTANSHANGLINGMINDUYUEWEIERFENZHIYIBOZHANG。ZAITONGYICAILIAONEICHAOSHENGBOBOSUSHIYIDINGDE,YINCITIGAOPINLV,CHAOSHENGBOBOZHANGBIANDUAN,TANSHANGLINGMINDUTIGAO,YOULIYUFAXIANGENGXIAODEQUEXIAN。


2)PINLVGAO,MAICHONGKUANDUXIAO,FENBIANLVGAO,YOULIYUQUFENXIANGLINQUEXIAN,FENBIANLITIGAO。


3)YOUKUOSANGONGSHIKEZHI,PINLVGAO,CHAOSHENGBOZHANGDUAN,ZEBANKUOSANJIAOXIAO,SHENGSHUZHIXIANGXINGHAO,CHAOSHENGBONENGLIANGJIZHONG,YOULIYUFAXIANQUEXIANBINGDUIQUEXIANDINGWEI,DINGLIANGJINGDUGAO。


4)YOUJINCHANGQUZHANGDUGONGSHIKEZHI,PINLVGAO,CHAOSHENGBOZHANGDUAN,JINCHANGQUZHANGDUDA,DUITANSHANGBULI。


5)YOUSHUAIJIAN、XISHOUGONGSHIKEZHI,CHAOSHENGBODESHUAIJIANSUICHAOSHENGBOPINLV、JIEZHIJINGLIDUZENGJIAERJIJUZENGJIA。


TONGGUOSHANGMIANFENXIKEZHICHAOSHENGBOTANSHANGSHIPINLVDEYINGXIANGJIAODA,PINLVGAO,TANSHANGLINGMINDUHEFENBIANLVGAO,BOSHUZHIXIANGXINGHAO,DUITANSHANGYOULI。


DANSHIPINLVGAO,JINCHANGQUZHANG,JIEZHISHUAIJIANDA,DUITANSHANGBULI,SUOYIZAIXUANZETANTOUPINLVSHI,YINGZONGHEKAOLV,QUANMIANFENXIGEFANGMIANYINSU,HELIXUANQU。


YIBANSHUOLAI,ZAIMANZUTANSHANGLINGMINDUYAOQIUDEQIANTIXIA,JINKENENGXUANQUPINLVJIAODIDETANTOU;


DUIYUJINGLIJIAOXIDEDUANJIAN、YAZHIJIANHEHANJIEJIANDENG,YIBANXUANYONGJIAOGAOPINLVDETANTOU,CHANGYONG2.5—5.0MHz。


DUIYUJINGLIJIAOCUDADEZHUJIAN、AOSHITIGANGDENGGONGJIAN,YIXUANYONGRUANDIPINLVDETANTOU,CHANGYONG0.5~2.5MHz,FOUZERUOXUANYONGPINLVGUOGAO,JIUHUIYINQICHAOSHENGBONENGLIANGYANZHONGSHUAIJIAN。


3.3 TANTOUJINGPIANCHICUN


TANTOUJINGPIANDEXINGZHUANGYIBANWEIYUANXINGHEFANGXING,TANTOUDEJINGPIANCHICUNDUICHAOSHENGBOTANSHANGJIEGUOYOUYIDINGYINGXIANG,XUANZESHIZHUYAOKAOLVYIXIAYINSU:


1)BANKUOSANJIAO,YOUKUOSANJIAOGONGSHIKEZHI,JINGPIANCHICUNZENGJIA,BANKUOSANJIAOJIANXIAO,BOSHUZHIXIANGXINGHAO,CHAOSHENGBONENGLIANGJIZHONG,DUITANSHANGYOULI。


2)TANSHANGJINCHANGQU。YOUJINCHANGQUZHANGDUGONGSHIKEZHI,JINGPIANCHICUNZENGJIA,JINCHANGQUZHANGDUZENGDA,DUITANSHANGBULI。


3)JINGPIANCHICUNDA,FUSHEDECHAOSHENGBONENGLIANGQIANG,TANTOUWEIKUOSANQUSAOCHAFANWEIDA,FAXIANYUANJULIQUEXIANNENGLIZENGQIANG。


ZAITANSHANGMIANJIFANWEIDADEGONGJIANSHI,WEITIGAOTANSHANGXIAOLV,YIXUANYONGDAJINGPIANTANTOU;TANSHANGHOUDUDADEGONGJIANSHI,WEILEYOUXIAODIFAXIANYUANJULIDEQUEXIANYIXUANYONGDAJINGPIANTANTOU;DUIXIAOXINGGONGJIAN,WEILETIGAOQUEXIANDEDINGWEIDINGLIANGJINGDU,YIXUANYONGXIAOJINGPIANTANTOU;DUIBIAOMIANBUTAIPINGZHENG、QULVJIAODADEGONGGONGJIAN,WEILEJIANSHAOOUHESUNSHI,YIXUANYONGXIAOJINGPIANTANTOU。


3.4JIAODU


ZAIJIANCEZHONGYINGJINLIANGSHICHAOSHENGBOSHENGSHUZHOUXIANYUQUEXIANCHUIZHI,YINCIJIAODUDEXUANZEGENJUJIANCEDUIXIANGZHONGKENENGCUNZAIDEQUEXIANLEIXING、WEIZHIHEGONGJIANYUNXUDETANSHANGTIAOJIAN,LIYONGFANSHE、ZHESHEDINGLVYIJIXIANGGUANJIHEZHISHI,XUANZEHESHIJIAODUDETANTOU。


YIZAIHENGBOJIANCEZHONG,TANTOUDEKZHIWEILI,ZHESHEJIAODUIJIANCELINGMINDU、SHENGSHUZHOUXIANDEFANGXIANG,YICIBODESHENGCHENG(RUSHEDIANZHIDIMIANFANSHEDIANDEJULI)YOUJIAODAYINGXIANG。


DUIYUYONGYOUJIBOLIXIETANTOUJIANCEGANGZHIGONGJIAN,β=40°(K=0.84)ZUOYOUSHI,SHENGYAWANGFUTOUSHELVZUIGAO,JIJIANCELINGMINDUZUIGAO。


YOUCIKEZHI,KZHIDA,βZHIDA,YICIBODESHENGCHENGDA。YINCIZAISHIJIJIANCEZHONG,DANGGONGJIANHOUDUJIAOXIAOSHI,YINGXUANYONGJIAODADEKZHI,YIBIANZENGJIAYICIBODESHENGCHENG,BIMIANJINCHANGQUJIANCE。


DANGGONGJIANHOUDUJIAODASHI,YINGXUANYONGJIAOXIAODEKZHI,YIJIANSHAOSHENGCHENGGUODAYINQIDESHUAIJIAN,BIANYUFAXIANSHENDUJIAODACHUDEQUEXIAN。


ZAIHANFENGJIANCEZHONG,HAIYAOBAOZHENGZHUSHENGSHUNENGSAOCHAZHENGGEHANFENGJIEMIAN。


DUIYUDANMIANHANGENBUWEIHANTOU,HAIYAOKAOLVDUANJIAOFANSHEWENTI,YINGSHIK=0.7~1.5,YINWEIK<0.7HUOK>1.5,DUANJIAOFANSHELVHENDI,RONGYIYINQILOUJIAN。


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